It is enough to throw the word jasmine and a whole series of floral and fragrant evocations are invited to our heads. We mistakenly think that its cultivation is reserved for privileged gardens in warm regions, nothing could be more false! It is a good candidate for acclimatization in many areas. As long as you correctly identify the jasmine officinalis!
Jasmines instead of a
Jasmines are vining, climbing plants, generally devoid of a hanging system, which are raised a few meters by their intertwined stems. Some are purely shrubby, but are treated as climbers in the garden. Persistent or deciduous foliage, variable in shape, white, pink or yellow flowering, fragrant as it passes, there are more than 200 species. For medicinal use, not all are the same and if the flowers of jasmine officinalis or jasmine sambac, for example, are edible, others can be annoying if not toxic, such as Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) or Virginia jasmine ( Campsis radicans) which by the way are not.
The cultivation of jasmine
Jasmine evokes regions bathed in sweetness, even exotic ones, and one would tend to think that it is reserved for warm climates. This is true for some species, but Jasmine officinalis is relatively hardy for cultivation in much of the country, withstanding short frosts of -12°C. If it is sheltered or if it is grown in a pot to be protected in winter, the cultivation possibilities are quite wide.
Other jasmines are hardy and can be grown in many regions with an oceanic climate, but they are shrubs that often have little or no scent, and if their blooming is still interesting, let’s admit it’s a bit frustrating… Finally, on the veranda, anything goes, even growing the delicious Arabian jasmine in pots.
A privileged location
In the ground or in a pot, expose it sheltered from drafts of cold air and humidity, in full sun, and in temperate regions, against a wall or in a corner. A small place is enough because the plant saves space and can be channeled by simple pruning at any time. Allow 3 to 6 meters in height and a support for its intertwined stems, the only element for suspension of this climber: trellis, wire, stakes…
good garden soil
Jasmine officinal is complacent with nature and the richness of the soil, but it obviously thrives in light and very rich soil, rich in humus and kept cool. Be sure to maintain your fertility (this is the only cultural care) by bringing in a lot of organic fertilizer in the fall or early spring: compost, compost or well-rotted manure, slow-release fertilizer, bone meal, blood-dried or roasted horn . if you are not a vegan gardener.
Although drought resistant, be sure to water regularly, especially in summer. Water abundantly and let the soil dry well between two passages.
It is essential for the good performance of jasmine. It consists of removing dead wood at any time, since the plant produces a large number of branches that dry out and give an unsightly thickness. You can also remove some stems, among those that have flowered, to lighten the vegetation. Finally, periodically, it can be regrown short, when cut flush, it comes out very vigorously in spring.
For good herbal teas…
For a cup, infuse a tablespoon of fresh flowers for about ten minutes in boiling water. Drink an herbal tea 2 to 3 times a day in case of stress or anxiety, or a cup 20 minutes before bedtime to catch up on sleep.
Jasmine officinalis (Jasminum officinale)
It is the famous Grasse jasmine where its variety “Grandiflorum” is still grown for perfumery, more sensitive to cold than the species. There are also some varieties with interesting foliage, ‘Sunrise’ with anise green leaves, ‘Argenteovariegata’ with creamy white variegated foliage or ‘Aurea’ with golden leaves. Resistance – 12°C.
Jasmine polyanthus (Jasminum polyanthum)
Beautiful shrub 4 meters high and wide, very resistant to drought. Very dense vegetation that can be formed by pruning in a low or medium hedge. Evergreen in temperate climates, semi-evergreen to deciduous elsewhere. From March to May, numerous clusters of decorative pink buds open into powerfully scented white flowers. Some find its scent too intoxicating. Resistance – 5 to – 8°C.
Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)
The famous jasmine that flavors tea is a bush 2 meters high and 1.50 meters wide. Entire, wide, thick and shiny leaves. They are evergreen in temperate climates, semi-evergreen to deciduous elsewhere.
It blooms in large, highly fragrant white flowers from June to August. It can re-bloom more or less throughout the year depending on the temperature. Resistance – 5°C.
Or to look pretty in the garden
Jasminum primulinum syn. jasmine mesnyi
It is also labeled as Jasminum primulinum “Mesnyi”; among the yellow jasmines, it is a favorite of southern gardeners because it is evergreen and blooms from February to April. Sometimes it blooms again in May-June. Vigorous shrub, 4 to 5 meters tall in all directions, with a flexible habit. Dark green leaves, bright yellow flower in single or semi-double unscented flowers. Resistance – 10°C.
Evergreen plant native to South Africa, fairly slow growing that reaches 5 meters in height. Slightly thick, wide, dark green leaves. Blooms in early summer in loose clusters of highly fragrant white flowers. Resistance – 4°C.
Large shrub to 3 meters tall and as wide, evergreen leaves, bright green, intertwined stems. It blooms from June to November with highly fragrant white flowers that may continue through part of the winter in more temperate regions. Resistance – 5°C.
the pink jasmine
We must also mention the pink jasmines, but let’s be honest they are not up to the previous ones. Jasminum beesianum produces a large number of slender, highly intertwined stems, which coil over all supports, to grow a few meters tall. Quite rustic, it resists down to -10°C, and it is not very demanding, being content with all fresh soils. In May-June it blooms profusely. Its flowers are very small, a beautiful deep pink, delicately scented, but you have to touch them with your nose, and ultimately quite unspectacular. As for Jasminum x stephanense, it is a horticultural hybrid between Jasminum beesianum and Jasminum officinale. Quite resistant, it grows up to almost 6 meters, and gives a vigorous vegetation, with slightly hairy leaves, which are covered, in summer, with small fragrant pale pink flowers, grouped in small bouquets.
Reserve a warm place, against a wall for example. Plant a little deep to bury the root neck. Give good soil, tamp well. Water abundantly.
Common name : Jasmine officinalis, Grasse jasmine
Latin name: jasmine officinale
Family : Oleaceae Large 5-meter shrub with robust, intertwined stems. Cut leaves, deciduous to semi-evergreen, evergreen in warmer regions, bright green to dark green. White, fragrant, very abundant flowering in June rising slightly in July.
Jasmine is a sedative, antidepressant, spasmolytic, it also has antiseptic properties. If it is mainly used in essential oil, in massages or to disinfect wounds, its flowers also make a simple calming and delicious infusion, recommended to treat sleep disorders and insomnia. Unless we prefer jasmine tea.
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